What Is Cellulitis. What Is Cellulitis
Normally, your skin's slight acidity helps protect you from pathogens that may try to invade from this surface layer of your body. However, when you suffer from a puncture wound or gash, this acts as a gateway for bacteria, viruses, and fungi to enter your system. Typically, if the infection remains localized to the area of the wound, it is not as serious as a widespread, systemic infection that spreads through your bloodstream. On the other hand, if the localized infection turns into cellulitis, it can mean serious repercussions for your health and well-being.
Cellulitis occurs when a crack or laceration in your skin allows bacteria such as streptococcus or staphylococcus to enter your body. Rather than spreading through your bloodstream, the bacteria infect the dermis, or the deeper layer of your skin. The skin at the site of the infection will appear thickened, swollen, and red, and the injury itself will become very painful.
What Is Cellulitis
As the bacteria works is way into your body, begins to spread through your lymph system. As it spreads, you may notice symptoms including:
Enlarged lymph nodes
Chills that make you shake
Additionally, you can actually trace the path of the bacteria through your body. When it spread through the skin, it will cause red streaks reaching out the other areas of your body. Should it move even deeper than the dermis, the infection can inhabit a layer called the fascial lining. This deep-layer infection is very dangerous, as it can basically eat away at your skin. If the bacterial source of the infection is streptococcus, it is called flesh-eating strep or necrotizing fasciitis.
Doctors will use oral antibiotics to treat your cellulitis. However, if these are not powerful enough, you may have to stay in the hospital so that you can receive the drugs intravenously.
What Is Cellulitis
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